All states are vigilant all over the world because of Covid-19. For this reason, to both slowdown and stop the epidemic, we decided to stop IVF treatments by following all international and national rules.

One of the biggest factors in this decision is to prevent transmission of the virus to couples, but there are several important points in terms of reproductive health. Since we do not know everything about the virus, we do not know exactly what the mother candidates will face when they encounter this virus during pregnancy, plus what kind of effects antiviral drugs will on them.

Infertility is the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected intercourse. This means that a couple is not able to become pregnant after a year of trying. However, for women aged 35 and older, the inability to conceive after 6 months is generally considered infertility.

Source: ASRM (American Society For Reproductive Medicine)

In rough terms, about one-third of infertility cases can be attributed to male factors and about one-third to factors that affect women. For the remaining one-third of infertile couples, infertility is caused by a combination of problems in both partners or, in about 20 percent of cases, is unexplained.

Source: ASRM (American Society For Reproductive Medicine)

A woman’s age can have a big effect on her ability to have a baby, especially as she enters her 30s and 40s. For a healthy woman in her 20s or early 30s, the chances of conceiving each month is 25%-30%. But by the time a woman is 40 years old, the chances are 10% or less.

The most common female infertility factor is an ovulation disorder. Other causes of female infertility include blocked fallopian tubes, which can occur when a woman has had pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis (a sometimes painful condition causing adhesions and cysts). Congenital anomalies (birth defects) involving the structure of the uterus and uterine fibroids are associated with repeated miscarriages.

Source: ASRM (American Society for Reproductive Medicine)

The most common male infertility factors include azoospermia (no sperm cells are produced) and oligospermia (few sperm cells are produced). Sometimes, sperm cells are malformed or they die before they can reach the egg. In rare cases, infertility in men is caused by a genetic disease such as cystic fibrosis or a chromosomal abnormality.

Source: ASRM (American Society for Reproductive Medicine)

Going to see a fertility specialist may help a couple figure out why they’re not conceiving. Women see a reproductive endocrinologist and men see a urologist who specializes in fertility. In some (10% or more) cases, though, there may not be an obvious reason why a couple can’t conceive. This is known as unexplained infertilityFertility treatments can often help these couples with unexplained infertility.

Source: ASRM (American Society for Reproductive Medicine)

Couples are generally advised to seek medical help if they are unable to achieve pregnancy after a year of unprotected intercourse. The doctor will conduct a physical examination of both partners to determine their general state of health and to evaluate physical disorders that may be causing infertility. Usually, both partners are interviewed about their sexual habits in order to determine whether intercourse is taking place properly for conception.

If no cause can be determined at this point, more specific tests may be recommended. For women, these include an analysis of body temperature and ovulation, x-ray of the fallopian tubes and uterus, and laparoscopy. For men, initial tests focus on semen analysis.

Source:ASRM (American Society for Reproductive Medicine)

Age affects the success rates of infertility treatments as well as the natural ability to get pregnant.

ASRM (American Society for Reproductive Medicine)